All posts by: eticeramics

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Element Properties:60-69 atomic number

NEODYMIUM, GADOLINIUM, TERBIUM, Dysprosium, HOLMIUM, ERBIUM NEODYMIUM Atomic symbol: Nd Atomic weight: 144.24 Atomic number: 60 Electron configuration: 2-8-18-22-8-2 Oxidation states: +3 State of matter: solid Heavy metal, brittle Discovered in 1885 by Carl Auer von Welsbach Boils at 3127°C, melts at 1010°C Notes: Used in special alloys and glasses, neodymium is a silvery-white color […]


Features and uses of different types of crucibles

Crucibles are specialized containers for melting metallic materials at very high temperatures. The molten material is cast into new objects or used to make new alloys (different metals combined in specific proportions). Since crucibles are used to melt materials at high temperatures, the material used to make the crucible must have a higher melting point […]


The Role of Refractory Ceramics in High-Temperature Applications

Refractory ceramics are a special class of materials used in extreme temperatures and harsh environments, especially those where ordinary building materials would not survive. From providing superior protection against heat transfer to high mechanical strength and chemical stability, refractory ceramics have been at the forefront of sustaining advanced industrial processes since their invention decades ago. […]


The Different Types of Refractory Materials and Their Applications

Refractory materials are essential to many industries and applications, from metalworking furnaces to energy-efficient insulation. Have you ever stopped to wonder what makes refractory materials so special and how they can benefit your operations? This blog post delves into the different types of refractory materials available, their unique properties, and potential applications. Get ready for […]


Element Properties:53-59 atomic number

CESIUM, IODINE, BARIUM, LANTHANUM, CERIUM, PRASEODYMIUM IODINE Atomic symbol: I Atomic weight: 126.90447 Atomic number: 53 Electron configuration: 2-8-18-18-7 Oxidation states: ±1, +5, 7 State of matter: solid Non-metal Discovered in 1811 by Bernard Courtois Boils at 184°C, melts at 113.5°C Notes: Iodine is bluish-black in color with a metallic luster, characteristic odor, and sharp […]